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Higginsville Mining

Higginsville Gold Operations Overview

Owned and operated by Karora Resources since June 10, 2019, the Higginsville Gold Operations ("HGO") are located approximately 75km south of the Beta Hunt Mine in Higginsville, Western Australia.

The operation includes a 1.6Mtpa processing plant, 192 mining tenements including the Aquarius, Hidden Secret, Mousehollow, Two Boys, Baloo, Pioneer, Fairplay North, Mitchell, Wills, Challenge and Mount Henry deposits.


Avoca Resources Limited (Avoca) initially purchased the Higginsville exploration assets from Gold Fields in June 2004. The Trident underground deposit, historically the largest deposit at HGO, was discovered by Avoca in 2004 with mining commencing at the deposit in 2007. In April 2007 Avoca raised A$125 million to commission a new process plant facility at Higginsville. In that same year Avoca purchased the neighbouring Chalice deposit from Chalice Gold Mines Limited. Gold production began in 2008 with the first gold pour on July 1, 2008.

Alacer Gold Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Alacer Gold a company incorporated in Canada, acquired HGO after it merged with Avoca Resources Limited (Avoca) in 2011.

On October 29, 2013 Alacer Gold Corporations completed the sale of its Australian Business Unit, which included HGO and its assets, to Westgold Resources Pty Ltd who was a wholly owned subsidiary of Metals X Ltd at that time.

In July, 2015 Metals X acquired the Mt Henry Gold Project from Panoramic Resources Ltd and Matsa Resources Limited.

On December 1, 2016 Westgold Resources Limited demerged from Metals X Ltd. Avoca remained a subsidiary of Westgold Resources Limited and was part of the resultant demerger.

Karora Resources acquired HGO outright on June 10, 2019 from Westgold Resources Limited.


Higginsville is located almost entirely within the well-mineralized Archean Kalgoorlie Terrane, between the gold mining centres of Norseman and Saint Ives. The Archaean stratigraphy has a general northward trend comprising multiply deformed ultramafic – gabbro – basalt successions adjoined by sediments to the west and east. Shearing and faulted contacts are common. The units have been structurally repeated by east over west thrust faulting.

The majority of gold mineralization projects along the Trident line-of-lode and is hosted by Poseidon Gabbro and high MgO dyke complexes. Mineralization is hosted within or marginal to quartz veining and is structurally and lithologically controlled. Higginsville is also host to significant palaeochannel mineralization. Mineralized zones comprise both placer gold, normally near the base of the channel-fill sequences, and chemically-precipitated secondary gold within the channel-fill materials and underlying saprolite. These gold concentrations commonly overlie, or are adjacent to, primary mineralized zones within Archaean bedrock.


Currently, Karora is mining from the Spargos open pit mine in the Higginsville Greater area and the Aquarius and Two Boys underground operations in the Higginsville Central Area.


Processing is conducted through Karora Resources' Higginsville processing plant.

Higginsville Mineral Reserves and Resources

Higginsville Gold Mineral Resources as at September 30, 2023

Mineral Resource Measured Indicated Measured & Indicated Inferred
  Kt g/t Koz Kt g/t Koz Kt g/t Koz Kt g/t Koz
HGO Central 1,002 2.8 92 4,162 2.5 339 5,164 2.6 431 2,117 2.6 179
HGO Greater 11,607 1.3 476 13,173 1.5 640 24,780 1.4 1,116 4,814 1.8 273
Stockpiles 745 0.6 15 1,135 0.7 27 1,880 0.7 42 - - -
Total 13,355 1.4 582 18,469 1.7 1,007 31,824 1.6 1,589 6,931 2.0 452


HGO Gold Mineral Reserves as at September 30, 2020

Mineral Reserve Proven Probable Proven & Probable
HGO Central 176 2.0 12 702 2.8 63 878 2.6 75
HGO Greater 7,497 1.3 320 4,925 1.8 285 12,422 1.5 605
Stockpiles 405 0.8 10 569 0.8 16 973 0.8 26
Total 8,078 1.3 342 6,196 1.8 363 14,273 1.5 705

Detailed Footnotes relating to Mineral Resource Estimates as at September 30,2023

(1) Mineral Resources are not Mineral Reserves and do not have demonstrated economic viability. There is no certainty that all or any part of the Mineral Resources estimated will be converted into Mineral Reserves.
(2) The Measured and Indicated Mineral Resources are inclusive of those Mineral Resources modified to produce Mineral Reserves.
(3) The Mineral Resource estimates include Inferred Mineral Resources that are normally considered too speculative geologically to have economic considerations applied to them that would enable them to be categorized as Mineral Reserves. There is also no certainty that Inferred Mineral Resources will be converted to Measured and Indicated categories through further drilling, or into Mineral Reserves once economic considerations are applied.
(4) The Gold Mineral Resource is estimated using a long term gold price of US$1,700/oz with a US:AUD exchange rate of 0.70.
(5) The Gold Mineral Resource for Higginsville deposits is reported using a 0.5g/t Au cut-off for open pits (0.4g/t Au cut-off for Mt Henry Project) and a 1.3g/t Au cut-off grade for underground (1.6g/t Au for Spargos underground). The Gold Mineral Resource for Beta Hunt underground is reported using a 1.4g/t Au cut-off.
(6) The Nickel Mineral Resource is reported within proximity to underground development and nominal 1% Ni lower cut-off grade for the nickel sulphide mineralization.
(7) The Mineral Resource is depleted for all mining to September 30, 2023
(8) The Nickel Mineral Resource assumes an underground mining scenario and a high level of selectivity.
(9) To best represent "reasonable prospects of eventual economic extraction" the mineral resource for open pits has been reported within optimized pit shells at A$2,429 (US$1,700) and, for underground resources, areas considered sterilized by historical mining are depleted from the Mineral Resource.
(10) Mineral Resource tonnage and contained metal have been rounded to reflect the accuracy of the estimate, and numbers may not add due to rounding.

Detailed Footnotes relating to Mineral Reserve Estimates as at September 30, 2023

(1) The Mineral Reserve is estimated using a long-term gold price of US$1,500/oz and a long term nickel price of US$17,500/t with a US:AUD exchange rate of 0.70.
(2) At Beta Hunt, Underground Gold Mineral Reserves are reported at a 1.8 g/t cut-off grade while Nickel Mineral Reserves are reported at a 2% cut-off grade. At Higginsville, Underground Mineral Reserves cut-off grades vary between 1.6g/t to 2.0g/t. The cut-off grade considers Operating Mining, Processing/Haulage and G&A costs, excluding capital.
(3) At Higginsville, Open Pit cut-off grades vary between 0.8 g/t to 1.0g/t. The cut-off grade considers dilution, mine recovery, mining and processing/haulage costs. Dilution and recovery


Technical Reports

Technical Report Higginsville-Beta Hunt Operation Eastern Goldfields, Western Australia